Pennsylvania is reminding women of the dangers of consuming alcohol while pregnant in recognition of International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day celebrated annually on September ninth.
FASD is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual whose mother consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Children with FASD can have serious lifelong disabilities, such as learning disabilities and serious behavioral problems.
“The leading known cause of developmental disability and birth defects is FASD, a group of conditions in babies that is caused by pregnant mothers drinking too much alcohol,” said Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs Secretary Jen Smith. “Our message today is: prevent harm to babies. Don’t drink while you are pregnant.”
“Decisions made while pregnant can shape a baby’s life after they are born, and pre-natal alcohol exposure can seriously impact a child’s health and development across their lifespan,” said Human Services Secretary Teresa Miller. “Total abstention from alcohol while pregnant is a simple choice that protects children from medical and behavioral challenges throughout their lives. We must keep children safe and set them up for a healthy life free of avoidable long-term complications.”
“We are committed to ensuring that Pennsylvania’s infants are healthy,” said Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine. “Not drinking alcohol is a key step each pregnant mother can take as they work to provide their child a healthy start to life. The disease of addiction is difficult, but we know that treatment works and recovery is possible.”
Since 1981, the U.S. Surgeon General as advised that there is no known safe amount of alcohol use during pregnancy and, that due to the risk of birth defects, women who are pregnant or are considering pregnancy should abstain from alcohol. Alcohol disrupts proper development of fetal organs, even at very early stages of pregnancy – before a woman may know she is pregnant. Alcohol passes from the mother’s bloodstream into the developing baby’s blood stream.
Damage to a baby’s brain caused by the mother’s alcohol use can result in problems throughout a person’s lifetime: impaired memory, learning disabilities, inability to think and reason properly, deficits in sensory processing, impaired ability to interact or socialize with others, and disruptive or otherwise inappropriate behaviors.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one out of 100 children are born with FASD annually, and the lifetime cost of caring for a person with FASD is estimated at least $2 million. The damage of FASD caused by a mother’s drinking during pregnancy is permanent and preventable. The impact on children born with FASD is staggering:
- About 80 percent enter the foster care system or adoptive care system;
- Approximately 50 percent will have a disrupted school experience of suspension, expulsion, or drop out;
- More than 60 percent will encounter problems with law enforcement; and
- More than a third will develop substance use disorders.